Thaumatrope – This 19th century toy consists of a disk with pictures on each side. Two strings that are attached to each side is twirled between the fingers to rotate the two images to create one combined picture.
Phenakistiscope – Showing a short loop of movement, this device is often known as a first well-known creation to show a fluid animated illusion.
Zoetrope – A widely recognized device of animation illusion is the Zoetrope, it shows a sequence of images that spins in a cylinder with vertical slits on its walls.
Flip Book – This is a book that uses an amount of pictures (illustrations, photographsy, etc.) that slowly and subtly differ per page to create a moving scene.
Praxinoschope – This device, invented in France, is similar to the Zoetrope. It continues to use sequence of images, but includes inner mirrors in a circle, replacing the vertical slits from the Zoetrope.
Kinetoscope – Used for the recording of live television, this devise uses the screen of a video monitor with a lens focused on it. (By the way i think i got the date wrong on the image above, one specific date is difficult to find as it differs.)
Cinematograph – This devise is a camera that captures motion picture film.